Example 3: Newton and Leibniz invented calculus at the same time. It has a value of 100, in arbitrary units. Assumption: Nobody else could have invented calculus. Newton is player 1, Leibniz is player 2

The Shapley value of player 1 is: 50

The Shapley value of player 2 is: 50

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See also: "Effective Altruism" for this concept applied to altruism